Who started the Faraizi Movement?
A. Haji Shariat Ullah
B. Allama Muhammad Iqbal
C. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar
D. Sir Aga Khan
Haji Shariat Ullah was born in the Faridpur of East Bengal in 1781 in the British era, his father was a farmer and his family belonged to the middle class. He was heavily influenced by the teachings of Sheikh Muhammad Abdul Wahab And he started his reform movement and the goal of this movement was to free Islam from the influence of Hindus.
Haji Shariat Ullah’s Faraizi movement
The Haji Shariat Ullahs movement focused on reforming the priorities of Muslims of Bengal on the basis of Hanafi law. He recognized Muslims for their obligations and asked them to participate in them. One example is five daily prayers.
He instructed his followers to learn all the religious obligations required by the Quran and Sunnah. He called for adherence to the five RUKAN, full acceptance and adherence to Tawhid, and prohibited all deviations from the original teachings of Islam, such as Shirk and Bidah.
The movement also fought for the Muslim rights of Bengal under colonial rule. British rule is considered detrimental to Islamic religious life. As some elites, mostly Muslims and Hindus Zamindar, tried to trap Shariatula on legal issues, it extended to socio-economic issues of Bengal as well as religious ones. This was due to his disagreement about how to spread his beliefs, especially his disagreement with non-Islamic tax payments and cow slaughter.
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